This is #100 out of 270 of these Labyrinth puzzles by Mark Wallinger. A different one at every tube station. Have you started looking for them yet? Great to try and solve it before your tube arrives!
The building which houses the tube station continues a long way along the Victoria Embankment. The rest of the building is the 'Salsa', where food, drink, dance classes and music are on offer daily.
Above the tube station is a colonnaded rooftop, built to fit in with its surroundings.
The rooftop provides a good view of Temple pier and the River Thames
At 4 Temple Place is Globe House, home to British American Tobacco.This is a modern building but they did retain the statues from its predecessor Electra House which was demolished in the 1990s. Electra house was the headquarters of the Cable and Wireless company. The bronze figures are of Mercury by the sculptor Sir Charles Wheeler. Being the Roman god of communication and messages, an apt choice for the original building. Elevated by the columns the life size figures give elegance and style to the building.
The weather vane above the building is a representation of the Santa Maria, the ship on which Columbus travelled when he discovered America. Unfortunately the wind was blowing from the wrong direction for me to get a side on view of the ship.
Inside the main hall are these beautiful stained glass windows.
These bronze lamp standards designed by Frith adorn the steps at the front of the building. They were designed to celebrate the age of telecommunications and electricity
On leaving Two Temple Place I turned left and went down Milford Lane.
There is a gate leading into Middle Temple from the lane but I walked up the steps ahead of me through a large arch and onto Essex Street
This view is looking back towards the arch and the steps leading to Milford Lane. the street has a number of barristers' chambers
|This is the Middle Temple Hall. It is said that this is the finest Elizabethan Hall in the country. It was apparently opened by Queen Elizabeth I in 1576 who dined here many times. It is still used as a dining hall. I was fortunate to visit the Hall during Open House 2017.|
On 2nd February 1602 the first recorded performance of Shakespeare's Twelfth Night took place in Hall as part of the Candlemas celebrations marking the end of Christmas festivities.
Sir Francis Drake dined here in 1586. The records report 'he came into Middle Temple Hall at dinner time and acknowledged his old friendship with the society, those present congratulating him on his happy return with great joy'.
Temple Church is jointly owned by the Inner and Middle Temple. During the week the church is open to the public. The photos of the Church and gardens were taken in the summer on one of my previous visits. The oldest part of the church is the round which was consecrated in 1185. The church was damaged in WW2 but was made good after the war when parts of the church which had been removed for renovation in the 19th cent were returned.
The Temple Church is one of the oldest churches in London. It was built by the Knights Templar. The Templars were an order of crusading monks founded to protect the pilgrims on their way to the Holy Land. The Temple Church was their headquarters in England and was designed to be similar to the circular church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem.
The grotesques and gargoyles were put in place during Victorian times.
Cast of the effigy of King John (1166-1216). The original effigy is in Worcester Cathedral.
|The Temple Church|
Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem
In 1608 King James VI of Scotland and I of England granted the Templars' former land between Fleet Street and the River Thames to the societies of Inner and Middle Temple, two of London's four Inns of Court. Every barrister in England and Wales must, to this day, belong to one of the four Inns. To mark the 400th anniversary of this event a stained glass window was commissioned. It shows the scales of justice suspended from the sword in the centre. Either side of the crown are the symbols from the Coat of Arms of James VI of Scotland and I of England, the three lions of England, the Scottish lion rampart, the Irish harp and the Fleur d'lys of France.
The left and right hand windows show the symbols of the two inns. The Pegasus of the Inner Temple and the Lamb and Flag of the Middle Temple.
The inscription states 'Repaired and Beautified 1687'
The stone staircase takes you to an upper gallery where you have views of the nave.
The church was also used for the filming of Dan Brown's 'Da Vinci Code'.
The column outside the church was erected in 2000 in the centre of what was formally the cloister courtyard of monastery of the Knights Templar. The image of the horse with two riders is from theseal of the knights who were originally too poor to have a horse each. The column also marks the point where the Great fire of London was extinguished in 1666 thus saving the Church.
Next door is St Dunstan's in the West. The original church was built sometime between 988 and 1070 AD on the same site. The church survived the Great Fire of 1666 with the help of 40 scholars from Westminster School who used buckets of water to extinguish the flames.
This was the first public clock in London to have a minute hand.
On the other side of Fleet Street look up and you will see many buildings with the original shop signs hanging from them.
In the days before numbering, shops were identified by their signs.
This half timbered house is one of the few buildings to survive the Great Fire of London in 1666. The room on the first floor is known as Prince Henry's room. There used to be a exhibition upstairs on Samuel Pepys but sadly the building is no longer open to the public. The archway below the building leads back into the Middle and Inner Temple.
building. Built in 1872 and occupied by George Attenborough & Sons Jewellers under which name it still trades.
I turned right here onto Chancery Lane. Just a little way up on the right is the Maughan Library.The Library is the main research library of King's College, London. It used to be the headquarters of the Public Records office until it was acquired by the University in 2001. The origins of the site date back to 1232 when the 'House of Converts' was built as a refuge for Jews who had converted to Christianity. The present building was built between 1856 and 1898 to house the nation's records including the Domesday Book and the Magna Carta. The national Archives are now based in Kew.
Inside the library there is a dodecagonal reading room based on the the reading room in the British Library.
This is the Temple Bar today in its new position with St Paul's in the background.
Back to Fleet Street and the monument which replaced the Temple Bar in 1881. At this point the road now becomes The Strand. One side of the monument has Queen Victoria and on the other side there is a statue of the Prince of Wales who later became King Edward VII.
The Royal Courts of Justice which house the High Court and Court of appeal of England and Wales. This large great Gothic building was opened by Queen Victoria in 1882. Members of the public can go in and look around but no cameras allowed.
Opposite the Royal Courts of Justice in The Strand is this magnificent entrance to what was a bank. Unfortunately on 14th August 2017 this branch of Lloyd bank closed.
Above this flying fish you can see the flamboyantly styled letter P, a reminder of its previous life as The Palsgrave Restaurant. Built in 1883 it was decorated with Doulton Tiles. All around the entrance there are tiles depicting animals, plants and figures.
The tiles were decorated by John McLennan who had worked for the Doulton Pottery factory for 33 years starting in 1877 at the age of 17.
There has been a Twinings tea shop on The Strand since 1706 when Thomas Twining bought Tom's coffee shop. At that time London was full of coffee shops as they were the meeting places for business transactions. There was a lot of competition between the coffee houses but Tom's was different as it also sold tea. Tea was an expensive commodity as it was highly taxed but it became very fashionable during the 18th Cent among the upper classes.
This plaque can be found at the back of the building.
It is one of Christopher Wren's churches which was bombed during WW2 and had to be rebuilt. From then on it became the official church of the Royal Air Force.
Round the other side of the church is a statue to Samuel Johnson (1703-1784) who worshipped at the church.
The other 'traffic island church' is St Mary-Le-Strand. This church has stood in the middle of The Strand, one of the busiest roads in Central London, for over three hundred years
In between the two churches is Australia House. It is a huge building and this year it is celebrating its 100th anniversary.
What is so unusual about these entrances is that the station was called the Aldwych not the Strand and has been closed for over 20 years . It started life as The Strand tube station in 1907 but was renamed The Aldwych in 1915 when another station was called the Strand.Although not open to the public I did manage to have a tour of the station in 2012.
You could still see the old name of the station on the old tiles.
King's College, London was founded by King George IV and the Duke of Wellington in 1829 as a University College in the tradition of the Church of England. When the University of London was founded in 1836, King's became one of its two founding colleges.
Look out for these cast iron lamp standards with dolphins adorning the columns.
On either side of the road are cast iron dragons from 1849 taken from the City's Coal Exchange which was demolished in 1963.
In 1776 a newspaper advertisement announced the opening of a 'cold bath' in Strand Lane.. There was enough speculation about the origin of the cold bath that the property was taken over by the National Trust who commissioned an enquiry into its origins.