Saturday, December 3, 2016

Central: Shepherd's Bush

Continuing with my'Above the Underground' tour of the Central Line I have now moved out of the upmarket London borough of Kensington and Chelsea and into the Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham. In the early 70s I started my life as a teacher in Hammersmith which is just down the road from Shepherd's Bush so I thought  I would be familiar with some of the area but it has changed beyond recognition.













The station originally opened in 1900 and has been renovated over the years. This was
Shepherd's Bush tube station in 1935


This photo was taken in 1949 but if I'm not mistaken this is how I remembered Shepherd's Bush station.











This is how it looks today. In 2008 it was closed for eight months whilst the surface station was completely rebuilt and the underground station refurbished.



The ticket hall is now much more spacious allowing for the increase in passenger numbers. The rebuild was mainly funded by the giant Westfield corporation ( originally founded in Australia) as it built a large shopping mall next to the station.

Shepherd's Bush was  part of the original Central London railway. The station was the western terminus of the CLR line which at that time ran to Bank.
This old map shows how Shepherd's Bush was the end of the line with the depot and generating station next to it.  It became a through station in 1908 when the line was extended via a loop to Wood Lane. This was to serve visitors to the Franco-British exhibition site  and the 1908 Olympic Games.











Until 1907 the Central Line was known as the 'Tuppenny Tube' as it had a flat fare of two old pence.


There are four other Underground stations in close proximity: - Wood Lane (Circle Line and Hammersmith and City Line) White City (Central line ) Shepherd's Bush market (Circle Line) and Goldshawk Road (Circle Line). So basically the locality around the station won't take long to explore today.



As you see from the map, just outside the station is the large Holland Park roundabout and the main A3220 known as the West Cross route After the war, the construction of new roads cut Shepherd's Bush off from Holland Park demolishing some of its most elegant housing. As you can imagine, it was not a popular decision.






A few minutes walk from the station and you are on  Shepherd's Bush Green which possibly gives rise to the area's name as Shepherds would rest their flocks here on Common land before taking them to the markets in the City.





There were three theatres built side by side facing Shepherd's Bush Green: Shepherd's Bush Empire, Pykes Cinematograph theatre and the Pavilion. The Empire opened in 1903  with a capacity of 2,300 and staged music hall and variety shows. In 1953 the theatre was bought by the BBC and was converted into a TV studio theatre. Many shows were broadcast from here including, What's my Line?, the Billy Cotton Band Show, This is your life, Crackerjack, Juke Box Jury and many other major shows. The last show was broadcast from here in 1991. In 1995 the theatre was converted into a music venue which is what it still is today,


Next door to the Empire was Pyke's Cinematograph Theatre. The cinema opened in 1910 seating 760 people. In 1968 it was closed and modernised but in 1981 it closed its doors as a cinema for good.
It remained so until it was converted into a pub for the Australian Walkabout chain of pubs in the mid 1990s. Many Australians live in this area and it became a lively meeting place. However in 1913 it was sold to a development company for an undisclosed sum of money.  The interesting part of this building is the original signage on the side of the building.























Next to the old Walkabout is another old theatre, The Shepherd's Bush Pavilion. It was built as a cinema with stage facilities in 1923. It was severely damaged in the war and didn't reopen until 1955 when it became the Gaumont Cinema. The cinema closed in 1981 and then the building was just used for Bingo downstairs until that closed in 2001. It remained empty for almost ten years before work started on converting the theatre into a luxury hotel which opened in 2014. They have retained part of the facade which won an architectural award in 1924.

On Shepherd's Bush Road is this elegant block of flats known as The Grampians.

On either side of the building are these art deco shops.


14 comments:

  1. Westfield and Frank Lowy are well known to Melburnians. I guess it was 2013 when Pyke's was sold to a developer. That is a terrific conversion of the Pavilion to a hotel. The Grampians is very stylish and I should think pricey.

    ReplyDelete
  2. It seems like every other one of your stops on this line were to places we'd visited (a small part of, never as extensively as you do) or if not been there at least something at each one was on our list and we ran out of time. But this one is one I have never heard of .. the name or anything that you mentioned. It sure has changed since the early photo you showed.

    ReplyDelete
  3. This whole 'underground' series is great - always interesting to see the outside of places I have passed through on a few (not so recent) occasions.

    Cheers - Stewart M - Melbourne

    ReplyDelete
  4. I'm loving those art deco buildings, as for the train station, it's progress I guess, looks like it's changed alot.

    ReplyDelete
  5. As a fan of the old BBC rather than the present one, the words Shepherd's Bush reminded me of the connection between the two. Thanks for reminding me of some of those programmes and the stars I enjoyed watching.

    ReplyDelete
  6. Oh another lovely underground and above ground tour and great shots! Thanks!

    Wishing you a Happy Week ~ ^_^

    ReplyDelete
  7. Great photos and a very interesting post. It is intriguing and surprising how an area can change until it is hardly recognizable from the way one used to know it a few years ago.

    ReplyDelete
  8. Wonderful tour of the station and surroundings.

    ReplyDelete
  9. Lovely shots! And I love that name: Tupenny Tube!

    ReplyDelete
  10. It is definitely one of the many areas of London that has changed greatly

    Mollyxxx

    ReplyDelete
  11. Another great history lesson about the suburbs of London. Its good to see the buildings are being refurbished and reused.

    ReplyDelete
  12. Enjoyed the journey into the past with you and also through the present day.

    Diana

    ReplyDelete
  13. Although I've never been there I recognised the name Shepard's Bush as a popular Aussie hangout 😊 Westfield is big in Perth also, my local shopping mall is a Westfield! Love the art deco buildings. The new train stations never have the same character as the originals but they definitely cope more efficiently with the ever growing population. Excellent post Fun60, merci beaucoup!

    ReplyDelete

Thank you for taking the time to read and comment on my blog.