Monday, September 5, 2016

Central: Bond Street



This is the 31st station I've visited on the Central Line and it is in the middle of one of the busiest shopping streets in the world, Oxford Street. Bond Street station, services both the Jubilee and Central lines.

As with many underground stations in Central London there is no surface building. Before emerging onto the street you enter the West One Shopping Centre which is usually crowded but it is early Sunday morning and the shops are not yet open.



Sunday morning before the shops are even open and Oxford Street  still busy with queues building up outside some shops.








Almost directly opposite the station is Stratford Place which is so peaceful and quiet. Here there are the Botswana and Tanzania High Commissions, the former home of the 8th President of the USA ( Martin Van Buren) and an impressive  mansion at the end of the cul-de-sac which is now the Oriental Club. The club is a Private Members Club and is open to those who are proposed and seconded by current members. Definitely a case of who you know or which public school you attended if you wish to have access to this club.























Back onto Oxford Street and a short walk takes me to an alley leading to St Christopher's Place.


More like a piazza surrounded by individual shops and eating places and in its centre a Victorian public convenience






The largest store on Oxford Street is Selfridges. In fact it's the second largest shop in the UK after Harrods.  It must be one of just a few stores to have  a TV series written about it (Mr Selfridge).

Built in 1909 by the American entrepreneur Harry Gordon Selfridge it is a huge building taking up the whole block.

Above the main doors is the The Queen of Time sculpture with a large bell above chiming the hour.










I left Oxford Street via Fitzhardinge St to Manchester Square, Just a couple of minutes away from the congested Oxford St is this private garden square. By private I mean that the garden in the centre of the square is only accessible to residents of the square.






At the Northern end is a Museum housing the Wallace Collection of art treasures, furniture, porcelain and armour. It is free to enter and well worth a visit.
















Leaving the square via Duke St I entered Wigmore St. This large distinctive building occupies almost a whole block and is completely clad in white Carrara tiles by Doulton. Built in 1906 it was the Debenhams building. It is still an office block  but is no longer connected to the Debenhams Department store chain.














Perhaps the most well known building on Wigmore Street is Wigmore Hall. Built in 1901 by the German piano maker Bechstein next to its showrooms. It used to be called Bechstein Hall but its German ownership meant that it was seized during WW1 and didn't reopen until 1917 when its name was changed to Wigmore Hall. Its acoustics have earned it the reputation of being one of Europe's best small venues for classical music.



Standing alone behind the stores of Oxford St is St Peter's church  Vere St designed by James Gibbs. Opened in 1724 as Marybone Chapel. In 1952 it became a chapel of ease and then in 1983 it  became the home of The Institute for Comtemporary Christianity. I had never heard of a chapel of ease so had to look it up to discover that it is used in place of the main church as it is more accessible.















Moving on I crossed Oxford Street to explore south of Bond Street station starting with New Bond Street, home to art galleries and auction rooms








Turned left onto Brook Street where Handel lived for 36 years at No 25 until his death in 1759. It was here he composed many of his great masterpieces including theMessiah and Music for the Royal Fireworks.. The house is now a Museum which you access from an alley behind the building. Many years later in 1969 another musician was to live in the house next door and that musician was Jimi Hendrix.

Further along Brook Street is Claridges Hotel. It started life as a single house in the early 1800s before Marianne and William Claridge decided to expand their business by buying 5 adjoining houses in 1854. In 1856 Claridges was born and it wasn't long before it gained a reputation as a hotel for royalty and European heads of state. Many exiled heads of state used it as a refuge during WW2. The Kings of Greece, Norway and Yugoslavia remained there for the duration of the war.



Across the road from Claridges is Davies Street with Grays Mews Antique Centre





Bernie Gray rescued this magnificent building in 1977. Built in the 19th C for J. Bolding and sons, it was originally a plumbing manufacturer.









 Left to go to ruin it was later found flooded with the basement under six feet of water. This was discovered to be the famous hidden River Tyburn, a tributary of the Thames. The river still rises at Shepherds well in Hampstead and flows through Regent's Park and the West End into the Thames. However, over the years as these areas have built up, the river was culverted but there is one place that the clean running water of the Tyburn can still be seen and that is in the basement of Grays Mews.




The Tyburn Brook as it was known gave its name to Brook Street and until the 18th C Oxford St was known as Tyburn Road. This led to Tyburn Lane (now Park Lane) and the Tyburn hanging gallows at the site of Marble Arch.


Hanging criminals from the Tyburn gallows, also known as the Tyburn tree, was a popular form of entertainment from 1196 until 1783 when the executions were moved to Newgate Gaol as the large crowds were becoming unruly.



Continuing my walk along Brook Street brings me to the second largest garden square in London, Grosvenor Square. First developed in 1725-31, it was one of the most fashionable residential addresses in London. The buildings surrounding the square have been rebuilt several times and are now mainly neo-Georgian mansion blocks. The exception being the US Embassy which has been there since 1938. It was also the site of General Eisenhower's headquarters during the Second World War.



The Embassy is a massive building with the street between the embassy and the square blocked off. Guarded like a fortress it dominates the square. The US Embassy is moving next year into a purpose built, highly secured glass cube structure by the Thames near Battersea which has a moat surrounding it as part of its security features. The Grosvenor Square  building will not be demolished as it has Heritage status and no doubt will become more luxury apartments.



As part of the peacetime celebrations in 1946, it was decided to make Grosvenor Square a public space. Originally it was reserved for the use of the residents of the surrounding houses. In 1948 the British memorial to president Roosevelt was unveiled. Further memorials include the Eagle squadron monument and a D Day landing commemorative stone.



On the Eastern side of the square is a memorial garden created in memory of all those who lost their lives in the September 11  terrorist attacks. The memorial consists of a wooded temple embraced by two pergolas. Three bronze plaques within the temple remember the 67 British citizens who died during the attack.









In front of the temple is a memorial stone inscribed with an excerpt of a poem by Henry Van Dyke. A section of a steel girder from the World Trade Centre is buried beneath the stone.





















I left the Square and made my way up Duke Street and came across Brown Hart Gardens




In 1886 a communal garden was laid down between two large residential buildings for the benefit of the residents of the flats. This garden was dug in in 1903 to make way for an electrical sub station but with great vision and forethought Stanley Peace designed a raised paved Italian garden above the sunken sub station with a domed neo-Baroque pavilion at either end.  Made from Portland stone with plenty of seating on either side, it's a great place to rest and have lunch within a two minute walk of Oxford Street.




According to British History Online  the garden is perhaps the only place in London where quarrelling is specifically forbidden by law!










Walking down the steps from the garden I noticed this huge sculpture which appeared to be an extension of the hotel. I discovered that this 3 floor high sculpture is by the artist Anthony Gormley and is called ROOM.. From the outside a sculpture but from the inside it is the bedroom of a one bedroomed suite. The hotel is the Beaumont opened in 2014 so a recent addition to the many hotels in this area. The building itself dates back to 1926 when it was originally built as a car park. If you would like to stay in ROOM it would cost you £1575 per night. Other suites and rooms available from £395 a night.





















I made my way down Balderton Street onto Oxford Street and home.











8 comments:

  1. All that in perhaps less than a square kilometre. It's a great story about the River Tyburn. I am a little familiar with Gormley but I did not know about this work. Not a cheap place to stay. I think at times US has more security for its politicians and staff than The Queen does. So, the return of the moat. Will it catch on elsewhere.

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  2. What can I say other than I never knew all that existed outside Oxford Street. Mum used to take me to Selfridges shopping when I was a toddler no doubt causing anxiety when I wandered off but I always remember having Fish & Chips in the restaurant the or Lyons. I used to love going there. Interesting to find out about Tyburn I always wondered where the name came from though I knew Marble Arch was the place the gallows where. BTW you passed Buscot when you walked along the Thames Path

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  3. What a nice and interesting posting. I have been around here and just want to say that Wigmore Hall has some nice concerts ( if you like this type of music.) I have even been on Sunday morning concerts. I keep walking in your footsteps now:) Greetingd and goodnight from me in Stavanger / Norway.

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  4. Love that Memorial Garden! And what lovely buildings.

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  5. I'm sure most of the Oxford Street shoppers, including me, would be very surprised at all those lovely spaces so close at hand.

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  6. It's amazing what you find .. And find out. As I virtually walk along with you, I think of things I'd say at almost every spot you talk about..if it were real instead of virtual ... It is too much for one comment by the time I get here. You are the greatest tour guide. So much to discover, so much for the casual tourist (and I'm sure many residents) to miss.

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  7. I'd say this is the posh end of town. You do a great job with the histories of the buildings.

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  8. wow!! nice.. you remind me my vibist to UK few months back.. we had very little time , so we couldn't visit so extensively..

    Lovely blog..
    Please visit: http://from-a-girls-mind.blogspot.com

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